TMJ (short for temporomandibular joint) is the common term for any problem with the joints and jaw muscles that make it possible to chew. TMJ disorders (also known as TMD) can be painful and difficult to solve.
Symptoms of TMJ/TMD may include:
Pain or tenderness in the face, jaw or ear.
Jaws that pop, click, or get “locked” open or shut
Headaches, toothaches and dizziness
Although the exact causes of TMJ are difficult to determine, many cases may be related to stress, which can create overuse or incorrect use of the jaw, ie: clenching or teeth grinding. Common therapies include reducing use of the jaw, steps to prevent teeth grinding/clenching and muscle relaxants. However, TMJ is considered hard to treat because these techniques often don’t completely control pain and locking of the jaw.